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Diagnostic Trouble Codes and Freeze Frame

Diagnostics Trouble Codes (DTCs) are codes that the vehicle's electronic control unit (ECU) generates when it detects malfunction or other issues. There are three different types of these codes:

  • Confirmed Codes indicate confirmed malfunctioning components. These may require vehicle service to fix.
  • Pending Codes indicate temporary failed components. These don't necessarily imply malfunctioning component.
  • Permanent Codes indicate historic confirmed codes. These will be cleared only by the OBD system automatically.

The codes in all these different types are grouped into four categories:

  • Pxxxx codes relate to powertrain
  • xxxx codes relate to body
  • xxxx codes relate to chassis
  • Uxxxx codes relate to network or undefined

Freeze Frame is a captured recording of the engine's conditions at the time a malfunction is detected. It can provide valuable information for diagnosing intermittent problems. The Freeze Frame contains:

  • DTC that caused the malfunction
  • Recording of parameter readings

In addition to reading the generic and manufacturer specific diagnostic trouble codes and freeze frame, you can also reset the DTCs. This will also clear the Check Engine Light. The software contains also offline DTC database for searching and browsing all the trouble codes. The DTC database contains over 14000 trouble codes that the software has description for.

Starting from version 2.0, it's also possible to export or save the Diagnostic Trouble Code and Freeze Frame information to a text file. The file can be then easily shared with others, or archived on a disk for later need.

Read: What to do when Malfunction Indicator Light illuminates?

Readiness Monitors

The purpose of readiness monitors to vehicle is to self-test their emission systems. Vehicles perform up to 11 system tests, these are so called readiness monitors. The readiness monitors identify whether the vehicle's computer has completed the required tests while the vehicle is being driven.

The software supports both readiness monitor groups:

  • Status since DTCs cleared. These self-check routines are reset only when the Check Engine Light and the Diagnostic Trouble Codes are cleared.
  • Status for this driving cycle. The completion criteria is reset to "Not ready" upon starting a new monitoring cycle.

Readiness monitors can have different completion status:

  • Ready (green mark) meaning that the test has been completed
  • Not ready (red mark) meaning the test is uncompleted at the moment
  • Disabled (gray mark) meaning the test is disabled for the rest of this monitoring cycle

Note! Depending on your country, OBDII vehicle may not pass the annual inspection unless the required monitors are "ready". For example, the US Environmental Protection Agency guidelines allow up to two monitors to be in a "not ready" state for model year 1996 through 2000 vehicles and one monitor "not read" for 2001 and newer model year vehicles. Now you can check the emission readiness yourself!

Read: Readiness monitors explained

Sensors, Parameters and Graph Plot

Sensors and parameters are what most of you find the most interesting part of the software. You can monitor all the sensor values that your car reports in real-time.

The software updates the values in sequential order as fast as possible. The speed depends only on the adapter. The more expensive genuine adapters will perform faster than the cheap clone OBD2 adapters. In addition to showing the current values, minimum, average and maximum values are provided too.

Some typical sensors include engine coolant temperature, fuel pressure, intake manifold absolute pressure and air flow rate from mass air flow sensor, to list few of them. The software has support for over 126 powertain parameters (PIDs) in the range of $00 - $7F. You can pick the most suitable data reading units; both metric and imperial (English) units are available.

You can also export or save the live sensor data to a .csv file. This file can be opened with Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets, for example. These external tools allow you to create custom graphs of your data.

The Sensor Graph or oscilloscope can plot any numeric sensor value that is supported. With the OBD oscilloscope, you can visualize sensor value changes easily. Graphs are great tools because they communicate information visually. Even large amount of data, or fast changing data can be interpreted much better when expressed as a graph. Graphs help you to identify sudden spikes and trends in the data.

In addition to visualizing the numeric OBD data, our software enables you to save the graphs to your computer as image files. You can share the images with your mechanics or friends, or you can post them to automotive forums when asking repair advice from fellow DIYers.

The current version of the software allows you to pick up to 6 sensors to monitor simultaneously.

Read: The OBD-II sensors and parameters supported by OBD Auto Doctor

The newest addition to the monitoring tool kit is Sensor Graph Grid. With the graph grid you can monitor up to four different sensors side by side. Each of the sensors have their own graph. In some cases this makes it easier to interpret the data compared to the Sensor Graph.

You can pick any supported sensor with numerical value to the grid. The graphs are updated as fast as the car and adapter provides the data.

On-Board Service Activation

On-board service activation enables you to control the operation of an on-board system, test or component. While most OBD2 services simply read information from the car, this service allows bi-directional communication. The service basically allows you to command the vehicle's on-board system to initiate or perform specific tests. In that sense, this service or mode is rather powerful tool.

The current version of the OBD2 standard defines only two services both of which OBD Auto Doctor supports:

  • Evaporative system leak test
  • Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Regeneration

In-Use Performance Tracking

You can follow In-use Performance Counter values in this view. These counters show the number of times the component or system conditions have been encountered.

Electronic Control Unit information

Check out ECU name, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), Calibration Identification (CALID) and Calibration Verification Numbers (CVN) plus the supported sensors.



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